George BECK (1797-?)
and Ann STREETER (1797-1879)
George Back and Ann Streeter were my 4x Great Grandparents.
to see their place in my pedigree chart.) They married by banns on
September 1817 at the parish church of St. Nicholas in Brighton, Sussex. He was then a
bachelor and she a spinster and they were both of Brighton. The
witnesses to their marriage were William Back and Sarah Back.
(William and Sarah were most probably George's brother and sister-in-law.)
(I don't seem to have a photocopy of the entry in the marriage register,
and haven't noted whether George and Ann signed or made their marks in the
register. Next time I am over at the ESRO I will double check the
register and try and order a copy. George was just 20 years
old and Ann was 19 when they married, so did they marry with parental
consent? Their first known child was baptised 3 years after they
married. Their known children were baptised in 1820, 1824, 1827, 1829,
1836 and 1839. Might there have been other children born in the gaps?)
George Beck was born on Monday 4 September and baptised on 6 September 1797
at St. Nicholas, Brighton. He was the fourth son and eighth child of
(c1762-1846). His father was a labourer. In 1820 he was a
labourer and living in Church Street, Brighton. He may have died
before 1851 as his wife was described as a widow in the 1851 census.
Ann Streeter was born on Sunday 19 November 1797 and baptised on
Sunday 31 December
1797 at St. Nicholas, Brighton. She was the eldest daughter of
(1777-1843). Ann died on 24 January 1879 in Brighton. (I
don't have a copy of Ann's death certificate. I was given her date of
death by someone else.)
I have not found George and Ann and their 4 youngest children in the 1841
census. Their daughter was born in Brighton in 1839, so presumably
they were still living in Brighton when the 1841 census was recorded.
Their eldest son was living in Stanmer. Their eldest daughter was an
18 year old servant living in Richmond Place, Brighton. I think it
possible they were living in one of the poorest and most over crowded areas
of Brighton and were probably missed by the census enumerator. In
November 1841, their eldest son married and he was then of Steal's Cottage,
and in November 1842 when his daughter was baptised he was of Still's
Buildings in Brighton - where was Still's Buildings, might George and
Ann have been living there in 1841?
When the 1851 census was recorded Ann was a 52 year old widow, earning her living as a charwoman and residing at 13
Brighton along with her 2 youngest daughters Fanny and Betsy, and a
lodger, 38 year old Frederick Slaughter a married labourer who had
been born in Brighton. The family were sharing the property with the
Baker family from Horsham, comprising of 2 parents and 5 daughters.
Therefore, there were 11 people inhabiting what was probably a very small
terraced house. There were 4 people in each 11 and 12 Carlton Row, 8
at number 14 and 5 at 15 Carlton Row.
The 1861 census records that 63 year old Ann was living at
2 Brunswick Court in Brighton (off Oxford Street, which is between London
Road and Ditchling Road), where she was a housekeeper to Frederick W.
Slaughter, who was then a 51 year old widower and bricklayer's
labourer. Also in the household at that time was Ann's 22 year old
unmarried daughter Elizabeth, 3 year old Henry J. Back
and 23 year old unmarried boarder, William W. Tutt, who was a
butcher. Ann's daughter Fanny and her husband and daughter were also
sharing the property.
The 1871 census records that 61 year old Anne was a boarder
in the home of 73 year old Frederick Slaughter at 2
Brunswick (clearly their ages were the wrong way round). Frederick's
place of birth was then given as Beeding. Also sharing the house was
Anne's daughter Elizabeth and her husband and children.
William Frederic Slaughter was baptised on 5 August 1811 in
Upper Beeding, Sussex. He was the son of Thomas Slaughter
and Elizabeth (possibly Elizabeth Cozens
who had married a Thomas Slaughter in 1800 in Brighton). The 1881 census records that he was a
74 year old bricklayer's labourer and he was living in the Brighton
workhouse at Race Hill. His place of birth was then recorded as Lower
Beeding. His death may have been registered as 74 year old
Frederick William C. Slaughter in the second
quarter of 1886 in the Brighton registration district.
George Back and Ann Streeter had
6 known children:
was baptised on 24 September 1820 at St. Nicholas, Brighton. At that
time his parents were of Church Street and his father was a labourer. George
married twice, firstly to Sarah Shearlock
in 1841 and then Sarah Bricknell, widow
in 1865. (They have their own page.)
my 3x Great Grandmother, was baptised on 1 August 1824 at St. Nicholas,
Brighton. At that time the family were living in Jerrards Court and
her father was a labourer. She had an illegitimate child by
(They have their own page.)
Searching through a transcript of the St. Nicholas baptism, 1813-1837,
there was only the 1 mention of Jerrards Court. However, there
were several mentions of Jarratts Court in King Street, which was off
the south side of Church Street.
was baptised on 7 January 1827 at St. Nicholas, Brighton. At the time
of her baptism the family were living in Pimilco, Brighton and her father
was a labourer.
Pimilco was one of the poorest areas of Brighton,
where people lived in appalling conditions along with their pigs and other
livestock. The area was off the north side of Church Street and comprised of alleys and
after 1901, possibly in the first quarter of 1902 in Brighton, but her age
was recorded as 73 years. Jane was a needlewoman.
Jane married three times.
Firstly to William Simpson on 25 December 1844 at St. Nicholas,
Brighton. He was a bachelor of full age and a labourer of 12 Crown
Gardens. Jane was a 19 year old spinster of 3 Still's Buildings.
The witnesses to their marriage were George Back and Eliza Bucknell.
William was baptised on 8 May 1825 at St. Nicholas, Brighton and was the son
of Harry Simpson, a shoemaker and Elizabeth West. His
family were of Lime Street, Brighton when he was baptised. In 1851,
William, Jane and her nephew John Simmons Back were living in
Gloucester Lane, Brighton.
married Frederick Horn on 3 October 1865 at St. Nicholas, Brighton.
He was a 35 year old bachelor and bricklayer. She was a 39 year old
widow, and they were both then of 13 Oxford Street, Brighton. The
witnesses to their marriage were John Horn and Elizabeth Tutt.
was born on 10 March 1831 and baptised on 26 June 1831 at the Dorset Gardens
Wesleyan chapel in Brighton. He was the son of
(c1802-?) and Elizabeth Goad (c1802-?). Frederick
died aged 42 years in the fourth quarter of 1873 in Brighton. In 1841
he was 10 years old and living with his parents and siblings in Oxford
Street, Brighton. When the 1851 census was recorded Frederick was a 19
year old bricklayer's labourer and living at home with his parents at 62
Albion Street, Brighton.
third marriage was to James Harris by banns on 27 June 1875 at St. Peter's,
Brighton. He was then a 56 year old widower and labourer, and she a 48 year old
widow. They were both then living at 82 Hanover Terrace in Brighton,
and they both made their marks. The witnesses to the marriage were Samuel Harris and
Fanny Green who both made their marks.
Their fathers were named as Moses Harris, labourer and George Back,
labourer, who were both deceased.
James was born about 1817 in Margoset, Leicestershire and was the
son of Moses Harris. In 1881 James was a railway labourer. The couple were then living at
67 Hanover Terrace, Brighton. James died aged 71 years in the third
quarter of 1887 in Brighton.
I do not think
Jane had any children of her own. When the 1901 census was recorded
Jane was a 74 year old widow, pauper, washer and ironer living in the
was baptised on 20 September 1829 at St. Nicholas, Brighton. At that
time her family were living in Pimlico, Brighton and her father was a
labourer. She married
in 1847. (They have their own page.)
was baptised on 10 April 1836 at St. Nicholas, Brighton. Her family
were then living in Air Street, Brighton and her father was a labourer.
(Air Street was off Queen's Road, near to where the clock tower stands today.)
She died aged 56 years and her death was registered in the fourth quarter of
1892 in the Brighton registration district. In 1851 she was a 15 year
old calenderess, living with her mother.
Fanny had an illegitimate daughter:
Back was born in the second quarter of 1853 in Brighton. She was
an 8 year old scholar in 1861. In 1871 she was a 17 year old domestic
servant and her name was recorded in the census as Jane Ann Gambling.
As Jane Ann Back she married William Berwick in the fourth
quarter of 1876 in the Brighton registration district.
William was born about 1855 in Uckfield, Sussex.
When the 1881 census was recorded the couple and their 3 young daughters
were sharing a house at 15 Francis Street in Brighton, along with 62 year
old widow Susan Berwick, her 19 year old son James Berwick
and her 6 year old grandson, Edward Homewood. William was a
coal porter in 1881. In 1891 William, Jane and their 6 daughters was
living at 19 Grant Street, Brighton and William was then a carpenter's
labourer. They were also sharing the house with 73 year old Susan
Berwick and 28 year old James Berwick. The 1901 census
records that the couple, their 4 daughters, William's 81 year old mother
Susan and 19 year old boarder Henry Hills were living at 15 St.
Paul's Street in Brighton. William was then a bricklayer's labourer.
William and Jane had the following known children:
was born about 1878 in Brighton. She was 3 years old in 1881. In
1891 she was a 13 year old dressmaker's apprentice.
was born about 1879 in Brighton. She was 2 years old in 1881.
The 1891 census records that she was a 12 year old domestic servant.
Berwick was born in 1880 in Brighton. She was 3 months old when
the 1881 census was recorded. She was a 10 year old scholar in 1891
and the census records that she was a dwarf. She was 20 in 1901 and
the eldest of her sisters living at home.
Berwick was born in about 1883 in Brighton. She was an 8 year old
scholar in 1891. In 1901 she was an 18 year old tailoress.
was born about 1884 in Brighton. She was a 7 year old scholar in 1891.
In 1901 she was a 17 year old domestic kitchen maid.
Berwick was born about 1887 in Brighton. She was a 4 year old
scholar in 1891. In 1901 she was a 14 year old board school
Elijah Gambling in the fourth quarter of 1858 in the Greenwich
Elijah was born about 1836-8 in Shotters Mill,
Hampshire. He died aged 78 years and his death was registered in
the second quarter of 1914 in the Brighton registration district.
When the 1861 census was recorded the couple and Jane were living at 2
Brunswick Court in Brighton, the same property as Fanny's mother.
Elijah was then a stoker at the gas works and Fanny was a dressmaker.
In 1871 the couple and Jane were sharing a house with Fanny's nephew John
Simmons Back at 87 Coleman Street in Brighton. Elijah was then a
bricklayer and Fanny an ironer. The 1881 census records that the
couple and their son were living at 14 Oxford Street in Brighton and Elijah
was a bricklayer. The couple and their son had moved to 16 Francis
Street, Brighton by the time of the 1891 census and Elijah was still earning
his living as a bricklayer.
Elijah and Fanny had 1 known son:
Gambling was born in the second quarter of 1872 in Brighton. He
was an 8 year old scholar in 1881. In 1891 he was an 18 year old
married Edith Sarah Field in the first quarter of 1892 in the
Brighton registration district.
When the 1901 census was recorded the couple and their 2 sons were living
at 14 Grant Street, Brighton and Charles was a 28 year old stoker at the
electric light works.
They had 2 known sons by 1901:
Gambling was born in the third quarter of 1895 in Brighton. He
was a 5 year old scholar in 1901.
Gambling was born in the third quarter of 1900 in Brighton. He
was 8 months old when the 1901 census was recorded.
was born on 9 February 1839 and baptised on 24 March 1839 in Brighton. She was also known as
Betsy Back. She died aged 53 years in the fourth quarter of 1892
in Brighton. (I think I was given her date of birth. On my
next trip to the ESRO I will double check the baptism entry and find out
where the family were then living.) When the 1851 census was
recorded she was a 12 year old calenderess. In 1861 she was an
unmarried 22 year old ironer, living with her mother, son, and soon to be
Elizabeth had an illegitimate son:
James Back was born on 28 November 1857 at 2 Brunswick Court, Brighton.
He married Sarah Ovett
in 1884. (They have their own page.)
married William Tutt on 2 June 1861 at St. Nicholas,
Brighton. He was then a 22 year old bachelor and labourer. She
was a 22 year old spinster. They were both of 3 Brunswick Court.
The witnesses were Edmund Tutt and Charlotte Tutt.
(Edmund was William's brother who married Charlotte Bransden on 3
February 1861 at St. Nicholas.) (Need to double check the address,
as when the census was recorded they were living at 2 Brunswick Court.)
William Wallace Tutt was baptised on 12 May 1839 at
St. Nicholas, Brighton and was the son of William Tutt and Eliza
Whitbread. His father was then a labourer. When the 1851
census was recorded, William was said to be 9 years old and "in the school".
He was living with his 56 year old widower father in the workhouse, along
with his 7 year old sister Louisa E. Tutt
and 5 year old brother George Tutt. Their father was
then a pauper and a carter and gave his place of birth as Hailsham.
In 1871 the couple and 3 children were living at 2 Brunswick Court, Brighton, a house they were sharing with Frederick Slaughter
and Elizabeth's mother. William Wallace Tutt was then
a bricklayer's labourer and he and Elizabeth were both 32 years old.
In 1881 the family
were living at 2 Brunswick Court, Brighton and William was a painter.
The 1891 census records that William and Elizabeth were both aged 52 years
and living at 14 Francis Street in the parish of St. Peter, Brighton.
William was still earning his living as a painter. Also with them on
census night was their daughter Elizabeth.
William and Elizabeth had 4 known children:
Tutt was born in the first quarter of 1864 in Brighton. He was a 7
year old scholar in 1871. The 1881 census records his
name as William Tutt and he was then a bricklayer's labourer living
with his parents and sisters. He married in the third quarter of 1898
was born about 1867 in Brighton. She died aged 32 years in the first
quarter of 1899 in the Steyning registration district. She was a 4
year old scholar in 1871. In 1881 she was a servant.
married John Perver in the fourth quarter of 1883 in Brighton.
There were no known children from this marriage. John may have
remarried after Fanny's death, as the births of 4 Perver children were
registered in Brighton: 1902 John Cecil Perver, 1905
Winifred Mary Perver, 1910 Nina E.
Perver and 1912 Archibald C. G.
Perver. (The 1911 census needs to be checked. 4
month old Nina appears in the 1911 index, but not John or the other
children, unless their forenames have been miss spelt.)
In 1891 the couple were living at 14 Francis Street, Brighton, a house they
were sharing with her parents. John was then a 27 year old fish hawker
and Fanny was a 24 year old needlewoman.
John was born about 1864 in Emsworth, Hampshire (as per the 1891 census) or
Chichester, Sussex (as per the 1901 census). His birth was most
probably registered in the first quarter of 1863 in the Westbourne, Sussex
registration district and he may have been baptised on 8 February 1863 at
Christ Church, Stanstead, Sussex, the son of William Perver
(1833-?) and Mary Beuford. If so, then his paternal
grandparents were Thomas Purver and Eliza Triggs.
In 1871, 8 year old John was a scholar living with his 37 year old
father William who was an agricultural labourer and his his 53 year old
mother Mary, in Racton, Sussex. His place of birth was then recorded
as Stoughton, Sussex. In 1881 his 45 year old father and 58 year old
mother were living in Eartham, Sussex, but John was not with them on census
night, nor have I been able to find him in the 1881 census index.
In 1901 he was a single 37 year old fish monger, lodging with
Elizabeth Clark at 2 Hollingdean Road, Brighton.
was born about 1869. He may have died young as he was not with his
parents when the 1871 census was recorded.
was baptised on 6 November 1871 at St. Nicholas, Brighton. She was a
scholar when the 1881 census was recorded. In 1891 she was a 19 year
I had included
Sarah Back born about 1828 as part of this family, but I
can't remember why I thought this or whether someone else had told me.
The 1851 census records a 23 year old Sarah Beck living in
Stanmer, Sussex, with her father William Beck, a 58 year
old widower and 11 year old sister Lucy Beck. Sarah
was said to have been born in Stanmer and Lucy in Brighton. Sarah was
baptised on 18 March 1828 in Stanmer and was the daughter of William
Back and Lucy Collins.
Sarah had an
died aged 1 week and was buried on 25 July 1851 in Brighton.
1851 census - HO107/1645, folio 292, page 33
13 Carlton Row, Brighton, Sussex
George Baker, Head, 40, Carpenter, born Sussex, Horsham
Jane Baker, Wife, 42, born Kent, Hadlow
Mary Ann Baker, Daur, 16, born Sussex, Horsham
Alice Baker, Daur, 13, Servant, born Sussex, Horsham
Caroline Baker, Daur, 9, Scholar, born Sussex, Horsham
Nelly Baker, Daur, 7, Scholar, born Sussex, Horsham
Olive Baker, Daur, 1, Infant, born Sussex, Horsham
Ann Back, Head, Widow, 52, Charwoman, born Sussex, Brighton
Fanny Back, Daur, 15, Calenderess, born Sussex, Brighton
Betsy Back, Daur, 12, Calenderess, born Sussex, Brighton
Fredk Slaughter, Lodger, Mar, 38, Labourer, born Sussex, Brighton
1861 census - RG9/596, folio 34, page 17
2 Brunswick Court, Brighton, Sussex
Fredk W Slaughter, Head, Widr, 51, Bricklayers lab, born Sussex, Beeding
Ann Back, Ho Keeper, Wid, 63, Washer, born Sussex, Brighton
Elizabeth Back, Daur, Un, 22, Ironer, born Sussex, Brighton
Henry J Back, Son, 3, born Sussex, Brighton
William W Tutt, Boarder, Un, 23, Butcher, born Sussex, Brighton
Elijah Gambling, Head, Mar, 23, Stoker at Gas Works, born Sussex, Shotter
Fanny Gambling, Wife, Mar, 25, Dressmaker, born Sussex, Brighton
Jane A Back, Daur, 8, Scholar, born Sussex, Brighton
1871 census - RG10/1080, folio 152, page 26
2 Brunswick Court, Brighton, Sussex
Frederick Slaughter, Head, 73, Labourer Bricklayer, born Sussex, Brighton
Anne Back, Boarder, Widow, 61, born Sussex, Brighton
William Wallace Tutt, Head, Mar, 32, Labourer Bricklayer, born Sussex,
Elizabeth Tutt, Wife, 32, Formerly Ironer, born Sussex, Brighton
Henry James Back, Stepson, 13, born Sussex, Brighton
Elijah William Tutt, Son, 7, Scholar, born Sussex, Brighton
Fanny Tutt, Dau, 4, Scholar, born Sussex, Brighton